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October 23 2012

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Famous Majorcans

Famous Majorcans include writer and philosopher Ramon Llull and Junípero Serra, the Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. On the 19th century, the military commander Joaquín Jovellar y Soler and 2-time Spanish Prime Minister Antonio Maura. Sportsmen from your island include basketeer Rudy Fernández, along with former world no. 1 tennis players Rafael Nadal and Carlos Moyá. Rafael Nadal's uncle is the former Spanish international footballer, Miguel Ángel Nadal. In 2006, Majorca's Jorge Lorenzo won the entire world 250cc grand prix motorcycle title and also the 2010 MotoGP World Championship . Former Everton footballer, Duncan Ferguson now resides in Majorca. Cynthia Lennon, former wife of John Lennon of the Beatles also lives in Majorca.
The city houses dance artist/producer DJ Sammy and contemporary painters for instance Miquel Barceló, José María Sicilia, and Astrid Colomar. Maria del Mar Bonet and her brother Joan Ramon Bonet, both members with the group of Mallorcan language singers called Els Setze Jutges from the 1960s, are from Majorca, as they are the contemporary pop group Antònia Font.
Abraham Cresques became a 14th-century Jewish cartographer of the Majorcan cartographic school from Palma; Cresques is credited while using authorship with the famous Catalan Atlas.
The members with the Spanish Royal Family spend their summer holidays in Majorca the spot that the Marivent Palace is. The Marivent Palace will be the royal family's summer residence. Some royal residences are administered by Patrimonio Nacional, the Marivent Palace, in Palma de Mallorca, among the list of Spanish royal sites, is beneath good care of Government with the Balearic Islands. Like a private residence it's rarely used for official business. Typically, the entire family meets there plus the Fortuna yacht, where they take part in sailing competitions. However, unofficial business does occur (though rarely) on the Marivent Palace like when Hugo Chávez, current (2009) President of Venezuela, visited King Juan Carlos for the Marivent Palace in 2008 to fix their relationship and normalize diplomatic relations after the King (now famously) told him, "Have you thought to shut up?" throughout the Ibero-American Summit in November 2007.

Majorca's own language is Mallorcan, your neighborhood selection of Catalan language. The 2 official languages of Majorca are Mallorcan and Spanish. Your neighborhood dialect is Mallorquí, although the dialects are slightly different for most villages. Mandatorily, Majorcan students are bilingual in Catalan and Spanish, with a few information about English. A substantial amount of the tourist population speaks German as being a native language, it's that in Germany, Majorca is jokingly termed as the 17th Federal State. In 2012 the governing party announced its intention to get rid of preferential treatment for Catalan from the schools to get parity for the actual two languages with the island.

Since the 1950s Majorca has turned into a major tourist destination, along with the tourism business has become the main supply of revenue for the island. In 2001, the region received a lot of tourists, and the boom from the tourism industry has provided significant growth in the economy of the us. More than half in the population works in the tourist sector, which is the reason approximately 80% of Majorca’s GDP. The currency currently used in Majorca would be the euro.

The Balearic Islands, that Majorca forms part, is one of the autonomous communities of Spain. It is governed with a right-wing Partido Popular, with José Ramón Bauzà as President.
There's a government for that island, called Consell Insular de Mallorca (Majorca Insular Council), with responsibility for culture, roads, railways and municipal administration. The current president (from June 2011) is Maria Salom, of Partido Popula.
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Visit Majorca

A Nationalist stronghold at the outset of the Spanish Civil War, Majorca was suffering from an amphibious landing, on August 16, 1936, directed at driving the Nationalists from Majorca and reclaiming the region with the Republic. Even though the Republicans heavily outnumbered their opponents and managed to push 12 kilometres inland, superior Nationalist aviation mainly given by Fascist Italy forced the Republicans to retreat and also to leave the region completely by September 12. Those events became referred to as Battle of Majorca.
Through-out the civil war the area was developed being a base to the Nationalist navy and airforce, who mounted raids about the Spanish mainland.
Since the 1950s, the advent of mass tourism has transformed the island right centre of attraction for foreign visitors and attracting workers from mainland Spain. The boom in tourism caused Palma to build significantly. In 1960, Majorca received 500,000 visitors, when it's in 1997, it received 6,739,700. In 2008, 22,832,865 passengers passed from the Palma de Mallorca Airport with the additional 1.5 million arriving by sea.
Today, urban redevelopment, underneath the so-called Pla Mirall (English "Mirror Plan"), attracted multiple immigrant workers externally europe, especially from Africa and South usa.

Majorca has two mountainous regions each about 70 km in total. These occupy its northern border-western (Serra de Tramuntana or Tramuntana range) and eastern thirds of the island. The greatest peak on Majorca is Puig Major (1,445 m) in the Serra de Tramuntana. As this is usually a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig de Massanella will be the highest accessible peak (1,364 m). The northeast coast comprises two bays: the Badia de Pollença as well as the larger Badia d'Alcúdia. The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone extending from Palma is usually flat fertile plain referred to as Es Pla. The area has a variety of caves both above and below sea-level. Urlaub Fincas Mallorca is a great way of spending wonderfult time on Majorca. Two from the caves above sea-level also contain underground lakes and they are ready to accept tours. Are on the eastern coastal capital of scotland- Porto Cristo, the Coves dels Hams plus the Coves del Drach. It does not take largest by area and 2nd most populated island of Spain (Tenerife within the Canary Islands). The climate is Mediterranean, with markedly higher precipitation from the Serra de Tramuntana. Summers are hot inside plains and winters mild to chill, getting colder from the Tramuntana range; in this particular perhaps the island brief instances of snow in the winter aren't unusual.
There's two small islands off of the coast of Majorca: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma).

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About Majorca

Mallorca is usually an island perfectly found on the Mediterranean Sea, among the Balearic Islands.
The capital in the island, Palma, can also be the main city with the autonomous community from the Balearic Islands. The Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Majorca (inside municipality of Palma). The anthem of Majorca is La Balanguera. Wonderful nature attract plenty of turist, in case you are lookinf  for Fincas Mallorca you can find awesome villas.
Like the other Balearic Islands of Ibiza, Formentera and Minorca, the area is often a highly popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists in the British isles, Germany, Ireland , Poland and the Scandinavian countries. The name derives from Latin insula maior, "larger island"; later Maiorica, "the bigger one" with regards to Minorca, "the smaller one."

Founding of Majorca
Burial chambers and traces of habitation from your Paleolithic period (6000–4000 BCE) have been located. The island was occupied with the Romans in 123 BCE under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia (Alcúdia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. The local economy was largely driven by olive cultivation, viticulture, and salt mining. Majorcan soldiers were valued in the Roman legions because of their skill with the sling.
In 426, the Vandals sacked this tropical isle, and annexed it to their kingdom in 465. In 534, Majorca was conquered by the Byzantine Empire, and administered included in the province of Sardinia (see also Gymnesian Islands). Under Byzantine rule, Christianity flourished and numerous churches were built. But from 707, the island was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa.

In 902, the Caliphate of Córdoba conquered Majorca, ushering in the new duration of prosperity for that island. Using the Caliphate at its height, the Moors improved agriculture with irrigation and developed local industries.
Following the Caliphate was dismembered in 1015, a new, more decadent, era started. Majorca received rule from the Taifa of Dénia, and from 1087 to 1114 was an impartial Taifa in that period the region was visited by Ibn Hazm. However, in 1114, an expedition of Pisans and Catalans overran the city, laying siege to Palma for eight months.
Following the city fell, the invaders retreated, and were replaced because of the Almoravides from North Africa, who ruled till 1176. The Almoravides were replaced from the Almohad dynasty until 1229. Inside the ensuing confusion and unrest, King James I of Aragon launched an invasion which landed on Santa Ponsa, Majorca, on September 8–9, 1229 with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses, entering town of Medina Mayurqa on December 31, 1229, and annexing the island to his Crown of Aragon from campaign which climaxed on October 30, 1230.
Following death of James I in 1276, his kingdom was divided between his sons. James II became king with the new Kingdom of Majorca. In 1344, King Peter IV of Aragon invaded, and re-incorporated the region into your Crown.
From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was a student in dynastic union with that of Castile. The Barbary corsairs of North Africa often attacked the Balearic Islands, plus response coastal watchtowers and fortified churches were erected. In 1570, King Philip II of Spain and his awesome advisors were considering complete evacuation with the Balearic islands. During the early 1700s, the War with the Spanish Succession resulted in the replacing of that dynastic union with a unified Spanish monarchy. In 1716, the Nueva Planta decrees made Majorca part of the Spanish province of Baleares, roughly equal to present-day Illes Balears province and autonomous community. In 1891 an ailment destroyed Majorca’s vineyards and decimated the island's main income. From 1891 to 1895 Majorca witnessed an essential emigration of islanders to mainland Spain and south america.
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